Design of a dual-bed catalyst system with microporous carbons and urea-supported mesoporous carbons for highly effective removal of NOx at room temperature

Mar 10, 2016 | Catalyst research, References and publications

Place of publication

RSC Advances, issue 33, 2016


Catalyst research


NO; NO2; NOX; catalyst; SCR; urea


Instruments used for NO, NO₂ and NOx measurements




A dual-bed catalyst system is designed to remove NOx at room temperature, which consists of a microporous spherical activated carbon (SAC) layer and a urea-supported spherical mesoporous carbon (SMC) layer. The SAC layer, with plenty of narrow micropores acting as a nano-cage for NO adsorption, could improve the oxidation of NO into NO2, while the urea-supported SMC layer with large surface area could provide a sufficient channel for gas kinetic diffusion and a high gas/urea interfacial area for efficient NO2 reduction. A high stationary-state NOx conversion of 88% for 70 h is achieved through the dual-bed catalyst system with SAC and 100 wt% urea supported SMC as the catalyst. The selective catalytic reduction (SCR) activity could be improved by increasing the NO and O2 feed concentration, due to the enhanced oxidation of NO to NO2. A low reaction temperature is beneficial for the SCR reaction because of the increased NO adsorption. Moreover, the apparent activation energies are calculated to be −16.8 kJ mol−1 for NO oxidation and 1.18 kJ mol−1 for NO2–urea SCR, respectively. The result reveals that the adsorption of reactants on SAC is of key importance for NO oxidation, while the surface reaction of NO2 with urea could be the crucial step for the SCR reaction.